Depression and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes

Background: Frequency of mood disorders in patients with chronic diseases,especially diabetes and its effects on life quality are dramatically increasing.Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the relation between depression and quality of life in patients with diabetes.Patients and Methods: This is a cross sectional survey.Subjects were selected from 330 eligible people referred to the only diabetes clinic in Gorgan City during 6 months,using systematic random sampling.Beak Depression questionnaire and the brief questioner with 26 questions recommended by the World Health Organization (WHOQOL-BREF) were used to measure depression and quality of life,respectively.Data were analyzed through descriptive methods,Chi-square,Independent t test and linear regression model using SPSS16;moreover,P value < 0.05 was considered as significant.Results: In total,330 patients with diabetes (35.5% male and 64.5% women) were studied.The mean and standard deviation of their age and years involved with diabetes were 50.6 ± 9.0 and 5.4 ± 4.5 years,respectively.Range of age was 25-75 years,as well.The prevalence of depression in all patients with diabetes was 58.2% (124 mild,56 medium,and 12 with severe depression).Hypertension was 13.9% more in diabetic patients with depression (P value < 0.001) and physical activity in 24.7% of the cases was less with a meaningful difference (P value = 0.01).The mean and standard deviation of quality of life in diabetic patients with and without depression was 50.7 ± 14 and 60.5 ± 13.3,respectively that was significant in two groups (P < 0.0001).Conclusions: The prevalence of depression is high in patients with diabetes and has a considerable impact on the consequences of diabetes and quality of life too.© 2015,Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.

ارسال دیدگاه

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *