Treatment of alzheimer’s disease in iranian traditional medicine

Background: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with a high prevalence in recent years.Dramatic growth in AD prevalence has increased the importance of more researches on AD treatment.History has shown that traditional medicine can be a source of inspiration to fnd new therapies.Objectives: This study tried to codify the recommendations of Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) by studying the main medical manuscripts.The second purpose was to compare these fndings with new medical information.Materials and Methods: Cardinal traditional medical and pharmacological texts from 10th to 18th century were searched for traditional terms of dementia (Nesyan,Fisad-uz-Zekr,Faramooshkari) focused on treatment methods.The findings were classified into three groups: lifestyle recommendations,dietary approaches,and drug therapies.These findings were compared with new medical findings.Results: ITM has dietary recommendations for dementia such as increasing consumption of nuts,poultry and eggs,milk,and grape products (like raisin and currant).These compounds are full of unsaturated fatty acids,cholesterol,and polyphenolic compounds.New findings suggest that these substances can help in prevention and treatment of AD.ITM has some lifestyle considerations like increasing physical and mental activities,listening to music,attending musical feasts,and smelling specific perfumes.New medical findings confirm nearly all of these recommendations.Along with the aforementioned items,treatment with natural medicines is in the first line of traditional treatment of dementia.New investigations show that many of these herbs have antioxidant,anti-inflammatory factors and acetylcholine esterase inhibitory effects.A few of them also have N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) blocking activity.When these herbs are put together in traditional formulations,they can comprehensively fight against the disease.Conclusions: More ethnopharmacological and ethnomedical studies on ITM antidementia therapy can be followed by fruitful results.© 2015,Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.

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